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Nurse Dornfinger: Poison spider on the rise in Berlin
Climate change is causing plants and animals to settle here that were previously unfamiliar. The Ammen-Dornfinger poison spider is another such case. The spider, which comes from the Mediterranean, has been spreading in the Berlin-Brandenburg region for a long time.
Climate change affects flora and fauna
Climate change has caused the flora and fauna in this country to change as well. Plants and animals can now be found here that were not at home in the past. This is partly accompanied by health risks. According to experts, for example, it is conceivable that the Asian bush mosquito in Germany could transmit infections in the future. "Immigrated" spiders could already be dangerous. Because the nurse thorn finger has spread in the Berlin-Brandenburg region.
Poison spider on the rise in Berlin-Brandenburg
It is the only spider species in Central Europe "that is able to penetrate human skin with its jaw claws and inject its poison," the Brandenburg Nature Conservation Association (NABU) writes on its website. The spider usually lives in the warm countries of the Mediterranean - according to a report by the "B.Z.", it is now also on the rise in the Berlin-Brandenburg region. "You have to increasingly expect to meet the nurse-thorn finger," said zoologist Julian Heiermann to the Berliner Blatt. "As a result of global warming, he migrated from the Mediterranean to us," said the spider expert.
Spider withdraws when in danger
The nurse thorn finger (Cheiracanthium punctorium) is mainly on uncut meadows with tall grass and in brushwood. Thanks to its special coloring, it is easy to recognize: its front body is red-orange, the back body is more yellowish to olive green. His black claws are also striking. The animal is rather shy and withdraws when in danger. But during the mating and maturation period of the eggs and young animals, the females defend the web with great determination.
Similar to a wasp sting
According to NABU, the mixture of tissue and blood damage and nerve toxins has unpleasant consequences; However, people with permanent damage or fatalities are not known. “Victims often compare the pain of the bite to that of a wasp sting. Shortly after, a sharp pain appears at the bite site. Since the affected limbs can swell extremely, a doctor should be consulted under all circumstances, ”the experts advise.
Do not cool the wound
According to the information, fever, circulatory failure, dizziness, chills or vomiting rarely occur in addition to pain. Allergy sufferers can also experience a racing heart. The symptoms are usually completely gone after about three days, but the bite site may be swollen or red for a long time. Bitten people should not panic, stay calm and neither cool nor scratch the wound. "If possible, you should catch the spider for precise identification and take it to the doctor." The experts advise that you should "play it safe" in the summer months, not streak through tall grass and never open the brood webs. (ad)