Robert Koch honored: Search engine Google celebrates the father of bacteriology
Robert Koch is considered the father of bacteriology alongside the Frenchman Louis Pasteur. The physician was born on December 11, 1843. On December 10, 1905, he received the Nobel Prize in Medicine. The search engine Google now honors the famous German scientist with a so-called doodle.
Honoring the founder of modern bacteriology
Tomorrow Monday, the German doctor, microbiologist and hygienist Robert Koch would have celebrated his 174th birthday. And today, 112 years ago, the famous German scientist received the Nobel Prize in Medicine. The search engine Google honors the founder of modern bacteriology and microbiology with a so-called doodle. This recognition has also been granted to other doctors in the past, such as the stethoscope inventor René Laënnec.
Connection of a microorganism as the cause of an infectious disease
Robert Koch, born on December 11, 1843 in Clausthal (now Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz), studied physics and medicine after completing his Abitur in Göttingen, explains the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) on its website.
After passing the state examination and several positions as a hospital doctor, he took up a position as district physicist in Wollstein (Posen province, now Wolsztyn, Poland) and founded his scientific career with his experimental work on anthrax.
Koch created crucial methodological foundations for bacteriological research.
These include the development of solid nutrient media for the cultivation of bacteria and the introduction of microphotography, which contributed significantly to the spread of bacteriology in medical science.
In addition, he discovered the anthrax spores, the resting form of the pathogen, and thus explained the hitherto unexplained chain of infection and the high resistance of the bacterium to environmental factors.
Robert Koch was the first to prove the connection between a microorganism and the cause of an infectious disease.
Robert Koch received the Nobel Prize in Medicine 112 years ago
Later he was able to detect Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera, among other things. He also devoted himself to researching other tropical diseases.
In 1905, Robert Koch, who is considered the father of bacteriology alongside the Frenchman Louis Pasteur, received the Nobel Prize in Medicine “in recognition of his research and discoveries in the field of tuberculosis”.
The scientist died in Baden-Baden on May 27, 1910 after a severe heart attack, which he had suffered in Berlin at the beginning of April 1910.
Saved countless lives
"Maybe Koch understood better than anyone at the time that the keys to solving big problems are sometimes in their microcosms," Google writes.
He devoted his life to studying germs and how they cause infectious diseases.
“Countless lives have been saved thanks to the role he played in proving the revolutionary idea that germs cause disease and identifying the bacterium for anthrax, cholera and tuberculosis,” said the report in honor of the German researcher.
He also inspired a new generation of scientists and "microbial hunters" who ushered in a golden age of bacteriology.
During this time, researchers discovered the microorganisms that are responsible for the development of twenty-one different diseases.
"As soon as the right method was found, discoveries came as easily as ripe apples from a tree," Koch is quoted by Google.
Today's doodle shows, among other things, potato slices - original utensils that the scientist used to isolate pure bacterial cells to support his research.
Koch experimented with potato slices until his assistant Julius Petri invented the petri dish. (ad)